Intelligent Manufacturing Technology and Industrial Development Model
Since the implementation of "Made in China 2025" as a national strategy, intelligent manufacturing has become a hot spot in economic and social development. At present, the transformation and upgrading of my country's manufacturing industry has a certain technical and industrial foundation, and the proposal of intelligent manufacturing is at the right time.
The proposal of intelligent manufacturing is the inevitable result of the accumulation of technological innovation to a certain extent. We know that since the Industrial Revolution, the main driving force behind any industrial progress comes from technology. Intelligent manufacturing includes two parts, one is manufacturing, and the other is intelligence. The core of change is intelligent technology. The combination of intelligence and manufacturing promotes the transformation of the development model of the manufacturing industry.
Intelligent manufacturing technology is based on three technical contents: First, input technology, including sensing technology and Internet of Things that can make machines "perceive the world", make intelligent manufacturing, the automation and intelligence of manufacturing have a starting point. The second is content technology, or software technology and system technology. Intelligent manufacturing is a complex process, supported by software, behind the software is the system, and operating data and content, this is the technology of software and systems. The third is network technology, which enables intelligent manufacturing to have a new platform and enables all links of manufacturing to collaborate in a new way.
Since the revolution of information technology, the integration of sensing technology, Internet of Things, software technology, system control and industrial Internet, and the gradual maturity of these three technologies have promoted intelligent manufacturing from automation to intelligence.
The era background of intelligent manufacturing also relies on the growth and maturity of industries and formats. After a long enough period of industrialization, China now has the world's largest and most diverse manufacturing industry. China's manufacturing industry has leaped from a very primitive state to the forefront of intelligent manufacturing. In just over 30 years of reform and opening up, China's manufacturing industry has gone through a century of history in developed countries, and has continuously achieved technological upgrading and industrial upgrading, keeping pace with the world's leading technologies. In terms of scale, China's manufacturing industry ranks first in the world in terms of the output of many products; in terms of manufacturing quality, the entire manufacturing industry is moving towards a path of intelligent manufacturing.
From the above two aspects, China has enough to support the advancement of intelligent manufacturing in terms of technology accumulation and industrial maturity. But at the same time, we cannot ignore that China's economy is highly unbalanced between regions and industries. Whether every region, every industry, and every enterprise should mention intelligent manufacturing is a question that must be considered. In the face of the smart manufacturing fever, we must pay special attention not to unplug the seedlings and encourage them.
Intelligent manufacturing must consider factors of industrial base and market demand. It is undeniable that it is inappropriate for every region and every enterprise to develop intelligent manufacturing. After all, not everyone has a good industrial foundation and technical resources. On the other hand, the demand for products in my country's consumer market is still in a very diversified stage. Of course, there is a large demand for high-tech products and customized products produced by intelligent manufacturing, but the products of traditional manufacturing will also have a large number of products for a long time. market space. What's more, from the perspective of regional imbalances in the country, whether a place has a vast market hinterland for the development of intelligent manufacturing, whether it has an upstream and downstream industry foundation, and whether it has an advantage in technological resource endowments are all factors that must be considered.
Intelligent manufacturing must consider the factors of human resource endowment. This can be analyzed from three aspects: firstly, whether the development of intelligent manufacturing has a foundation such as high-end talents, which is closely related to whether it has an industrial foundation; secondly, the realization of intelligent manufacturing must include enterprise organization management closely related to people The transformation of the mode and the way of social resource allocation will involve various institutional reforms; the third, that is, the problem of replacing humans with machines, the main determining variable is the cost balance between labor and machines. Strictly speaking, almost all production lines can be replaced by machines, but this replacement requires a suitable node. This does not necessarily take into account the maintenance of employment, because to a certain extent it also reflects whether the stage of social and economic development has reached the human resource endowment conditions required by intelligent manufacturing. In addition, from a macroeconomic point of view, the one-sided pursuit of high-end progress will have a crowding out effect on unskilled workers, which will eventually lead to fewer job opportunities and sluggish domestic demand. From the above three aspects, the advancement of intelligent manufacturing must be basically synchronized with the progress of my country's human resource endowment to form a benign promotion.
At present, it is the general trend that "Made in China" is moving towards "Made in China". However, some places or enterprises are eager to advance when they have not figured out the basic connotation and phased characteristics of intelligent manufacturing, and it is very likely that there will be a "lose-lose" situation in which the high-end is not advanced and the low-end is abandoned. The advancement of industry to intelligent manufacturing, technological progress, and high-end progress in the division of labor in the value chain are realized under the comprehensive effect of social and economic development, human resource endowment, and industrial development stage. Intelligent manufacturing is the natural result of the mutual promotion of these factors. .